US Army Ret. Lt. Col. Cornelius W. Barton

Military Project Grant


In the past, BRAVO has been fortunate enough to be able to offer the US Army Ret. Lt. Col. Cornelius W. Barton Military Project Grant to graduate students for their research. This year families of several members of BRAVO who passed away generously donated funds to be added to the Barton Grant in order to offer travel scholarships for 3 students or recent graduates to attend and present a paper at the 2018 Fields of Conflict Conference at the Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center in Connecticut.  We would like to thank all of those who submitted applications. They were all exceptional making our selections very difficult. However, we are pleased to announce the following applicants were selected as recipients:

$1,000: Joanne E. Ball of the University of Liverpool will present "The Materiality of Roman Battle: Applying Conflict Archaeology Methods to the Roman World".

Abstract: In the last three decades, a methodology for studying the archaeology of battle has evolved from the study of late-C19th battlefields to encompass a wide range of historical periods. Each has required changes to the methodological foundation, adapting to period-specific characteristics in both the materiality of conflict and the quality of extant historical documentation. There are significant challenges for adapting battlefield archaeology to the classical Roman period, particularly the unsuitability of the historical sources and the prevalent use of iron in Roman military equipment. Substantial assemblages survive on a number of Roman battle sites, particularly from irregular field engagements. The artefacts have provided a basis to reconstruct individual engagements, wider conflicts, and have identified sites which were undocumented in the historical record. However, Roman battlefield archaeology has as yet largely failed to engage with many of the theoretical developments made in the discipline more widely. As such, Roman antiquity risks becoming a sub-discipline of battlefield archaeology. This paper explores how battlefield archaeology methodology has been adapted to fit the parameters of Roman battle, and what challenges still remain. It also considers the future of Roman battlefield archaeology, and how and why the discipline is significant to conflict studies.

$750: Andre Schurger of Leipzig will present two papers "Leipzig and the Battle of Nations"

Abstract: Within the span of the last thirty years, battlefield archaeology has established itself as a growing field of study. Much of this research has been area specific, focusing predominantly on North America and Western Europe, with the overwhelming emphasis being on Great Britain. Throughout Central and Eastern Europe, battlefield archaeology is still within its infancy and is conducted by only a handful of individuals. To illustrate the potential battlefield archaeology has on furthering our interpretation of past events, as well as the need to protect battlefields as archaeological resources, a joint research project was initiated in the summer of 2017 to study the largest Napoleonic battle ever fought – Leipzig. Also known as the Battle of Nations, this engagement was fought in Eastern Germany in 1813 and changed the future of the continent. The defeat of Napoleon at Leipzig directly led to his resignation in Paris a few months later and his first exile to Elba. Historically, the importance of the battle was recognized by the major powers who took part in destroying the “Corsican Usurper” and continues to be commemorated through reenactments, public monuments and celebrations. Yet for all of its historical importance, the battlefield has escaped any serious academic archaeological study. Though much of the fighting occurred in urban areas, parts of the battlefield remain agricultural and are well suited for conducting a metal detecting survey. Our initial research focuses on the southeast corner of the battlefield, where the Austrians and Russians launched their attack on the French line.


and "Battlefield, Home Front, Factory, Forced Labor Camp"

Abstract: This presentation reports on observations made during a contract archaeology project at Gablingen, Bavaria, Germany, during 2016. The site had been, successively, a Royal Bavarian Airfield, a Luftwaffe Airfield, an auxiliary/outlying forced labor camp for a Messerschmidt development and production facility, a US Army base/listening post, and finally public property associated with the Bavarian maximum security prison and Bundesnachrichtsdienst. The team consisted of Phoenix, a professional contract archaeology firm, volunteers, and local historical groups. Excavation consisted of uncovering features ranging from antiaircraft gun positions, labor camp housing/offices, bomb craters, and site perimeter. The artifacts ranged from mundane material culture associated with the various periods to structural elements, and complex, multicomponent artifacts. Insights into military and civilian material culture during total war are offered.


$700: Kevin Claxton of the University of York will present "The Battle of Cheriton: the Analysis of Lead Finds From an English Civil War Battlefield"

Abstract: The Battle of Cheriton in 1644 was the first major victory for the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War and turned the tide of the war against the Royalists. However, despite its importance in English history, the Battle of Cheriton has not received the attention of scholars in the way that battles such as Marston Moor, Edgehill, and Naseby have. Only one historian has studied the battle, and the exact site of the battlefield has been disputed. The area of the battlefield was subject to extensive amateur metal-detecting and a large number of artefacts recovered, but until now only a fraction of the Cheriton battlefield assemblage has been studied. This paper discusses the analysis of the complete assemblage, including the methodology used, with the aim of gaining a new understanding of the events of the battle. This paper presents the results of the analysis, which confirm the site of the battlefield and shed new light on the interpretation of the events of the battle. The paper also presents the potential for further research using this collection, and the impact this study can have on the local community and the protection of the battlefield site as an area of historical importance. 







BRAVO has offered a variety of public programs in the past. Below is a brief list of past public outreach events. Please contact us if you would like more information.

Public Lectures


The programs listed below are among those presented at BRAVO meetings to which the public is invited.

"Ladies From Hell - Repulse of the British Third Brigade at Monmouth", presented by Dan Sivilich, president of BRAVO. Entertaining and interesting slide presentation on the battle against the 42nd Regiment of Foot (referred to as "ladies" because they wore kilts) as we now know it to have occurred due to archaeological discoveries at Monmouth Battlefield. For information about having this presentation given to your group, click on "Contact Us".

"A Billy Yank Governor", presented by author Bernie Olsen. The life and times of Franklin Murphy, New Jersey's turn-of-the-century governor who also fought in the Civil War. His presentation and book of the same name contain information and photographs never before published.

"Old Tennent Church Talk and Tour", presented by Reverend Dr. Hugh MacKenzie. Fascinating information about the history of Old Tennent Church in Manalapan, NJ, one of the few original 18th century churches remaining in the state.

"Monmouth County's Role in the Civil War", presented by Jim Stephens. An overview of the 1862 Monmouth Regiment and those troops' service in the Civil War.

Dr. Paul Kovalski, forensic dentist and president of the Marlboro Township council: slide presentation on the identification of bodies through dental forensics, and how this science has evolved since the time of Paul Revere, who was one of the first to use dental forensics to identify the body of an officer killed at Bunker Hill.

"Excavating Architecture", a slide presentation by Dr. Garry Stone. Excellent presentation exposing hidden evidence in the walls, rubble piles, and beneath the surface of old buildings that can help us unravel the secrets of the past. Highlighted were classic New Jersey homes, excavations from St. John's (1638-c.1715) in St. Mary's City, MD, and Wright Tavern (c.1799-present) in Wentworth, North Carolina.